Institut Teknologi Bandung
Six and half years as undergraduate (S.Si. in chemistry) and postgraduate student (M.T. in Materials Science and Engineering) (1987 - 1995).


Universitas Padjadjaran
One year as an undergraduate student at Faculty of Dentistry (1988 - 1989).


Pusat Penelitian Teknik Nuklir, Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional
Two years as a final project student to carry out a research on neutron activation analysis (1990 - 1992).


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Four years as PhD student (PhD in chemistry) and postdoctoral research fellow (1995 - 1999). One year as Research Fellow (May 2002 - May 2003). Since June 2003 was hired as Lecturer.


Hokkaido University
Two and a half years as JSPS postdoctoral research fellow and visiting researcher (1999 - 2002).